Another precondition for Deadlock`s declaration is generally that other dispute resolution methods have been attempted and failed. In the shareholders` pact, for example, it could be indicated that shareholders use mediation to find a solution if the problem is not resolved after two general meetings. There are many methods that can be used to solve a Deadlock, which means that no deadlock clause is the same. A deadlock clause is a clause that is generally included in a shareholder contract that defines how to resolve disputes on key issues. A well-considered shareholder pact will include deadlock mechanisms (also known as deadlock provisions or deadlock settlement clauses) to facilitate a quick solution. If this option is selected, all other formulations must be removed between brackets. If the second option is retained in point 1.2, the parties must make every reasonable effort to reach an agreement. If an agreement is not reached within 10 days, there are four possible options for resolving the impasse in subsection 1.3, one of which should be selected. The first allows the president to resolve the dispute; the second allows for the appointment of an independent arbitrator. The third option is called “Texas Shoot-out,” in which each party sends, within a number of days, a sealed cash offer to an arbitrator indicating the maximum price at which it is willing to purchase the other party`s shares. The sealed bids are opened jointly by the arbitrator, and the highest sealed bid “wins,” and that bidder must then buy the other party`s shares in the company (and the “loser” must sell). The last option is the most dramatic, as it involves the voluntary liquidation of the company. Of course, the cost of not solving the problem could be high, even if the shareholder remained.
However, if there are serious differences of opinion, there are other ways to get out of the business or to solve the problem. B for example the use of drag along clauses. If the situation is so dire that the value of the company will fall to this point, it is likely that shareholders will take further action sooner. This dedlock clause model contains a number of options for a deadlock solution. The main options are: Replace clauses 15.3, 15.4, 15.5 and 15.6 with the following new clauses 15.3 and 15.4: Deadlocks do not only occur in 50:50 joint ventures. Companies in which shareholders hold disproportionate stakes or executive seats often establish agreements in their shareholders in which a majority or unanimous agreement at the shareholder and/or board level is required as a form of minority protection. If agreement cannot be reached on such reservations, it is a dead end. There are pros and cons for each of the different deadlock mechanisms, as described above. Shareholders should think carefully about who should be included in their shareholders` pact and agree in advance, when drafting the shareholders` pact, how to resolve a status quo. Often in private companies with shares of the same type, like. B for example, a two-shareholder company, each holding 50%, may find itself in situations where votes are cast in the middle and there is no chance of reaching an agreement.