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What Agreements Were Made At The Potsdam Conference

The leaders expressed their readiness to support any request for membership from states that remained neutral during the war and met other requirements. The three major felt it was necessary to make it clear that they were reluctant to support the spanish government`s request, which was set up with the support of the axis powers. [47] There was also a consensus that it was desirable to put an end to the “current anomaly position” of the German war allies – Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania – and finland with fortnight. A Council of Foreign Ministers would be set up to establish peace agreements with them that would be concluded at the end of a conference with the participation of the Big Three and “other interested allied governments”. This took place the following year in Paris and the contracts were signed on February 10, 1947. Both the atmosphere and the state-of-the-art staff in Potsdam were very different from previous “Big Three” conferences in Tehran and Yalta. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, and in his place was new President Harry S Truman, accompanied by his new Foreign Minister, James Byrnes. Midway through the conference, the results of the British general election on 5 July were announced and Churchill and Anthony Eden replaced by the new Labour Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, and his Foreign Minister, Ernest Bevin. Only the main Soviet delegates, Joseph Stalin and Vyacheslav Molotov, remained the same as at the Yalta conference. In the five months since the Yalta conference, which has severely affected relations between leaders, there have been a number of changes. The Soviet Union occupied Central and Eastern Europe and the Red Army effectively controlled the Baltic States, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania. Refugees have fled these countries.

Stalin had set up a communist puppet government in Poland, insisted that his control over Eastern Europe was a defence against possible future attacks and claimed that it was a legitimate sphere of Soviet influence. [8] The protocols of the Potsdam Conference suggested continued harmony among the allies, but the deeply contradictory objectives of Western democracies on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other, meant that Potsdam became the last Allied conference. Churchill himself was not at his best in Potsdam. He was depressed, depressed and worried about the outcome of the home elections. He lacked the adrenaline rush that the nation`s war efforts had given him. He told his doctor: “I don`t want to do anything. I don`t have any energy. I wonder if she`ll come back.┬áHe refused to review briefing papers prepared for him by experts from the Department of Foreign Affairs and instead gave himself a lengthy, unrelated speech at the conference table.